Pigna District Rome

The 9th rione of Rome is called Pigna. The word means pine-apple and the name originates from an enormous statue in the shape of a pine-apple which was found in the area. Being one of the most central districts, it has a huge number of tourist attractions, including the Pantheon and the Piazza Venezia.

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Campo Marzio District Rome

The Campo Marzio district is the 4th rione of Rome and also one of the city’s most central neighborhoods, with major tourist attractions such as the Spanish Steps and the Piazza del Popolo within its borders.

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Colonna District Rome

The Colonna district is the third rione of Rome and it is named after the big column on the Piazza Colonna. Main attractions are the Piazza della Rotonda and a number of government buildings.

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Districts Rome: Rioni, Quartieri and more.

The most central districts of Rome are called rioni and there are 22 of them. It is here that the most important tourist attractions can be found. The area outside the rioni is made up of 35 quartieri and stretches to the Grande Raccordo Anulare, the ringroad around the city. The next layer is occupied by the suburbi and finally there are 53, sparsely populated, zone.

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Parione District Rome (rione VI)

The 6th rione (district) of Rome is called Parione and it is one of the most interesting and picturesque neighborhoods of the Eternal City. Its main attractions areĀ  the Campo de’ Fiori and the Piazza Navona, two of the most famous squares of Rome.

Parione District Rome (R. VI)

Parione District Rome - Piazza Navona
Piazza Navona

The name Parione derives from a wall that used to circle the Stadium of Domitian and was colloquially called the Parietone. The Stadium of Domitian was later converted into the current Piazza Navona.

When Augustus was Emperor, this part of the city was still part of the the 11th regione, called Circo Flaminio. Around the year 1200 the name was changed to Parione e San Lorenzo in Damaso.

Parione gradually became more and more important as a neighborhood. After the Campo de’ Fiori was paved this became one of the most prestigious squares of the city, a role later assumed by the Piazza Navona.

At the end of the 15th century, under Pope Sixtus IV, the streets were widened. Noblemen and welathy citizens in generally started to move into the district. Several important palazzi were either restored or destroyed and completely rebuilt from scratch. The newly constructed Ponte Sisto connected Parione to Trastevere.

In the 17th century, Bernini redesigned Piazza Navona. At the same time, empty spaces between already existing buildings were filled up with new palaces.

When building the most important street in the area, the Corso Vittorio Emanuele, the facades of some of the buildings were completely taken down, to be rebuilt slightly further back.

Parione District Rome Tourist Attractions

The main attraction of the district is Piazza Navona, with its Fountain of the Four Rivers and the Sant’Agnese in Agone Church. The Campo de’ Fiori is another attractive square, with a famous daily food and flower market. Beautiful historic buildings include the Palazzo Braschi (now a museum) and the Palazzo Pamphilj.

Streets and squares

The district is crossed by the Corso Vittorio Emanuele II. When it was built, the facades of some of the palaces along this street were demolished and rebuilt a few metres back. The most beautiful squares are of course those mentioned above.

Public transport

There is no metro stop in the Parione district. This will not change for the time being, as Rome is short on finances, and there is no money yet to extend line C further. From Roma Termini take bus 40 or bus 64.

Parione District – Rome (R. VI)

Sant’Angelo District Rome

The Sant’Angelo District is the 11th rione of Rome. It is the smallest one of all the riones and more or less comprises the area just north of the river that used to be known as the Jewish ghetto. The nieghborhood still has a distinctive Roman feel to it. Especially the part that used to be the ghetto is full of trattorie (still run by Jewish people).

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Parioli District Rome

The second quartiere of Rome is called Parioli. It is named for a group of hills, the Monti Parioli. The district was created in order to construct homes for officials of the state and fascist leaders, but nowadays it has become an area where the wealthier Romans live.

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Celio District Rome (rione XIX)

The Celio district is the 19th rione of Rome. It is one of the neighborhoods most frequented by tourists, since important monuments like the Colosseum and the Arch of Constantine can be found within its borders. The district is named after one of the city’s famous seven hills.

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Esquilino District Rome (R. XV)

The Esquilino district is one of the oldest of Rome, although it is not considered to be part of the historical centre. The Latin word esquiliae means more or less suburbs. Esquilino is bordered by the Via Marsala in the north, the Via Cavour and the Monti neighborhood in the east and the quarters Prenestino-Labicano and Tiburtino in the south west.

Esquilino District Rome

History

Esquilino District Rome - Saint Mary Major (Via Cavour side)
Basilica of Saint Mary Major

Esquilino was situated outside the Servian Walls, the first defensive walls that were built around Rome, but within the more recently built Aurelian Walls.

The rione consists of three hills, the Cispius, the Oppius and the Fagutalis and was one of the first inhabited parts of the city. The first time Rome was divided into districts, in the times of Emperor Augustus, the neighborhood now called Monti was also part of Esquilino.

In those days part of the area was used as a garbage dump and a burial place for slaves and poor people. However, when August became Emperor he had 10 meters of earth poured onto this dirty and unhealthy area.

Mecenate had his gardens built here, but unfortunately there is hardly anything left of these. When the population started growing and more housing was needed, the gardens were destroyed. In 1874 the Auditorium was discovered.

Also after Augustus‘ reign the rione was mostly used by the wealthier Romans in orde to have their villas constructed. On the central square of the area, Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II, ruins of one of these villas can still be seen in the shape of the Trofei di Mario and Porta Alchemica.

In later years many churches were built in the direct vicinity of the Basilica of Saint Mary Major. This church was originally part of the rione Monti, but came to be within the borders of the rione Esquilino in the year 1921.

Description

Together with Rome’s central station, Roma Termini, the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore is the most important building of the area. Thanks to its high position on top of the Cispius hill it also very visible.

Nowadays Esquilino, and especially the area directly around the Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II, is an immigrant district, with a number of streets completely taken up by shops selling cheap Chinese clothing and trinkets. The streets nearer Termini are full of cheap Rome b&b’s and hostels.

The main churches of the district are Saint Mary Major, Santa Croce in Gerusalemme and Santa Prassede. Other Esquilino tourist attractions are Porta Maggiore, where many aqueducts can be seen and the Museo Storico della Liberazione.

More tourist attractions

Santa Bibiana Church in Rome

Take the Via Giolitti exit from Roma Termini and walk along this street till you come to the second tunnel under the railway tracks. The small church before the tunnel is the Santa Bibiana, the facade of which was designed by a 26 year old Bernini, who also contributed to its interior design. Walking further down the Via Giolitti you will come to the Temple of Minerva Medica on your left, and finally to the enormous Porta Maggiore city gate. It is here that most of the city’s aqueducts used to enter the city.

Esquilino District Rome