The Basilica of Saint Sebastian Outside the Walls is one of the oldest churches in Rome. It is built on top of the Catacombs of Saint Sebastian and is located outside the city walls. The entrance to these catacombs is inside the basilica. Continue reading “Saint Sebastian Outside the Walls Church Rome”
Saint Sebastian was a soldier who was martyred during the reign of Diocletian (end of the 3rd century). He was pierced with arrows, then killed by blows of a club and thrown into the Cloaca Maxima. He appeared in a vision to the matron Irene, who subsequently picked up his body and carried it to the catacombs. His cult became very popular and in the 5th century a crypt was excavated around his tomb.
Catacombs of Saint Sebastian Rome
Address, opening hours and admission
Address: Via Appia Antica, 136 – Rome (tel. +39 06 7850350). Opening hours: 10,00 till 16.30. Closed: Sunday, January 1, December 25, 26. Admission: 8 Euros (age 6-15: 5 Euros; age 0-5: Free).
History and description
The Appian Way, or the Via Appia Antica, passes through a valley near the Catacombs of Saint Sebastian. Since the bottom of the valley was called “ad catacombas“, the columbarii that were built there came to be called catacombs. Later the word became synonymous with all underground cemeteries.
Three mausoleums were erected at the bottom of the valley. In the 3rd century the church got ownership of the site and had the mausoleums covered by a platform, thus creating a so-called triclia (covered courtyard). In the 4th century a basilica was built above the earlier structures. This basilica was altered in the 13th century and renovated (by Cardinal Scipio Borghese) in the 17th century.
The Catacombs of San Sebastiano contain second century pagan as well as Christian tombs and consist of four levels. The tour will take you down a staircase along which remains of sarcophagi bearing imperial seals can be viewed. Underneath the church three pagan tombs can be seen, as well as some frescoes and a floor mosaic.
The Chapel of Symbols is called thus because of the early Christian symbols that can be found there.
Via Appia, 136 – Rome
Rome’s 26th quartiere is called Appio Pignatelli. The name refers to the Via Appia and to an influential family by the name of Pignatelli.
Appio Pignatelli District Rome
The district is situated in the south eastern part of the city and has little to offer for tourists.
Rome’s oldest and most venerable golf club is located in Appio Pignatelli. The Circolo del Golf di Roma Acquasanta was founded by members of the British Consulate in the year 1903.
Quartiere Appio Pignatelli Rome (Q. XXVI)
The Catacombs at Vigna Randanini in Rome, which were discovered in 1859, are one of the best examples of Jewish cemeteries. Continue reading “Vigna Randini Jewish Catacombs Rome”
The Mausoleum Cecilia Metella in Rome is a big funerary monument, built in the 1st century B.C. It is located along the ancient Appian Way in the southern part of Rome, about 5km outside of the city borders. The mausoleum’s location, on top of a hill, made it an important landmark for people traveling to Rome from the south. Continue reading “Cecilia Metella Mausoleum Rome”