The Roman Forum (Forum Romanum in Italian) lies between the Capitol and the Palatine Hills. It is a more or less trapezoid area between the Regia and the Rostra on the short sides and the Basilica Aemilia and the Basilica Giulia on the long sides. The comitium forms an extension of the northern part.
Roman Forum Rome
Address, opening hours and admission
The Roman Forum has two entrances, at the Via della Salara Vecchia, 5/6 and at the Via di San Gregorio, 30.
It was originally meant for both commercial and political purposes. The position was very important since a number of important roads (the Via Sacra, the Vicus Iugarius and the Vicus Tuscus, the Argiletum and the Clivus Capitolinus) converged there.
Archeological finds in 1902 prove that this originally marshy ground used to function as a burial place (10th century B.C.) before people started building huts there. The first sacred monuments date back to the second half of the 6th century B.C.
Around the beginning of the 7th century the Forum was abandoned and turned into a cattle field (Campus Vaccinus). In the following centuries many stone and marble monuments were (at least partially) dismantled in order to be reused for the construction of new buildings.
Most Important Monuments Roman Forum
Basilica of Maxentius
The Basilica of Maxentius (Basilica di Massenzio) is one of the largest monuments in the Roman Forum. This former courthouse was the model for the construction of the first churches in Rome, which thus came to be called basilica‘s.
- Arch of Titus
- Basilica of Maxentius
- Temple of Venus and Rome: Recently restored, back-to-back temples celebrating the goddesses of love (Venus) and war (Roma)
- Temple of Romulus
- Temple of Antoninus and Faustina
- Temple of Caesar (aka Temple of the Divine Julius)
- Round Temple of Vesta
- Temple of the Castores (aka Temple of the Dioscuri)
- Basilica Julia
- Santa Maria Antiqua and the Domitian buildings
- Horrea Agrippiana
- Basilica Aemilia
- Arch of Septimius Severus
- Portico of the Consenting Gods
- Temple of Saturn
- Temple of Vespasianus and Titus
- Column of Foca
- Via Sacra