The official name of Rome‘s 32nd quartiere is Europa, but it is generally known as EUR. The district is situated in the southern part of Rome and was meant to be a showcase for, firstly, fascist architecture and, secondly, fascism in general.
EUR District Rome
A good part of EUR is owned by EUR S.p.A., which in turn is owned for 90% by the Ministry of Finance and for 10% by the city of Rome.
EUR was designed and constructed in occasion of the Esposizione Universale di Roma (hence the acronym E.U.R) which was planned for the year 1942 (20 years after the fascist march on Rome). The Esposizione was canceled because of World War II and many of the buildings were not completed until years later. (The original name of the quarter was E42)
Unlike in most of Rome, the streets of EUR are at right angles and the buildings are made from white marble and travertine, as in the days of the Roman empire.
A famous example of this is the Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana, which was even nicknamed the Colosseo Quadrato (“Square Colosseum”), and which is now rented by the French fashion group of Fendi.
Other landmarks are the Palazzo dei Congressi and the Church of SS. Pietro e Paolo, which was constructed as a mausoleum for Mr. Mussolini himself.
The Palazzo dello Sport thanks its existence to the 1960 Olympics which were held in Rome, as does the artificial lake.
Nowadays EUR is known as a business district and is mostly inhabited by middle class Romans, as a result of the many offices and ministries that can be found in the area.