Alessandrino Aqueduct Rome

The Alessandrino Aqueduct was constructed in the early part of the 3rd century. Both inside the city walls ruins of this impressive monument can still be seen. The source can be found to the north of the city of Colonna. The aqueduct entered the ancient city at the present Porta Maggiore.

Alessandrino Aqueduct Rome

Alessandrino Aqueduct Rome
Alessandrino Aqueduct

The Alessandrino Aqueduct was the last one of the Roman Aqueducts. It was commissioned by Emperor Alessandro Severo, whose reign lasted from 222 till 235 AD, and who also gave his name to the monument.

The aqueduct was constructed in 226. The emperor had ordered the Terme Neroniane-Alessandrine to be restored and of cours ehe also needed to supply these baths with water.

The water for the Alessandrino Aqueduct comes from a source near Pantano Borghese. The aqueduct itself is built alongside the old Via Prenestina. Its first 22km (14 miles) were underground, but for the trajectory between Torre Angela and Tor Pignattara tall brick arches were used.

Brick was used as a material, for its qualities of being both strong and light.

It remained in use for several centuries, although the Lombards partially destroyed it in 775.

Where to see the Alessandrino Aqueduct

Alessandrino Aqueduct Rome
The Alessandrino Aqueduct starts at a location called Pantano Borghese, north of the city of Colonna.

Like most of Rome’s aqueducts, the Aquedotto Alessandrino ended at Porta Maggiore.

Ruins of the aqueducts can be admired in various parts of the city, both inside and outside the Roman walls. In the countryside long stretches of the monument can be viewed near locations called Tenuta della Mistica and Fosso Tre Teste, though you would need a car to get there.

Within the city the best kept ruins of the aqueduct are found near the Viale Palmiro Togliatti. These parts consist of a double row of arches and is best viewed from the Piazza San Felice da Cantalice (along the Viale Alessandrino).

There are still visible stretches out in the countryside near, while the most impressive part within the city can be seen near the Viale Palmiro Togliatti.

Piazza San Felice da Cantalice – Rome

Aqua Claudia Aqueduct Rome

The Aqua Claudia Aqueduct was constructed more or less at the same time as the Anio Novus Aqueduct. Remains of this aqueduct can still be seen in the center of Rome, near the Palatine Hill.

Acqua Claudia Aqueduct Rome

History and description

Aqua Claudia Aqueduct Rome
The Aqua Claudia Aqueduct at sunset

It was the emperor Caligula who started construction of the aqueduct, but it was under Claudius that the 69km (43 miles) long monument was finished. Claudius also ended up giving his name to the monument.

The source is in the valley of the river Aniene. The springs are near what used to be called the Via Sublacencis and are called Curzio and Ceruleo and can be found in the area around the city of Arsoli.

The Aqua Claudia is one of the best known aqueducts since a stretch of no less than 10km of its arches can be seen in the countryside around Rome. The best way to see this is in the Parco degli Acquedotti, where they sometimes reach a height of over 27m.

The final destination of the Aqua Claudia was the reservoir called Spes Vetus, near Porta Maggiore.

Later emperors had branches built off the Aqua Claudia. Nero had a branch (the Acquedotto di Nerone) constructed that led to the Celio Hill and his Domus Aurea (and was later extended by Domitian to reach the Palatine Hill).

In the 8th century Hadrian I would order another restoration in order to get water to the Lateran area.

Anio Novus Aqueduct Rome

The Anio Novus Aqueduct is one of the longest aqueducts in Rome. Its source is the river Aniene near the city of Subiaco.

Anio Novus Aqueduct Rome

Already in the 3rd century BC there was an Aqua Anio aqueduct. When the new one was built it simply came to be called the “new Anio” (Anio Novus) and the earlier one became thus the Anio Vetus.

Construction was begun by Caligula in the year 38 AD and finished by Claudius in 52 AD.

The Anio Novus Aqueduct has a length of 87km (roughly 54 miles).

Its highest arches are in the Capanelle area. This is also where its water was kept, in a pool called the Piscina Liminaria.

From here the flow continued, using the arches of the Aqua Claudia Aqueduct to reach its destination at the Spes Vetus. Since they had simply built another canal on top of this Aqua Claudia repairs were often necessary.

The final reservoir was destroyed in a fire in 1880.

Since the water did not come from a spring but directly from the river its quality was rather low. Accordingly the Emperor Trajan later started using another source, a lake near the city of Trevi (then Treba Augusta).

Parco degli Acquedotti Rome

The Aqueduct Park (Parco degli Acquedotti) is a huge park in the Appio Claudio district of Rome. As the name indicates, the main attraction of this park is the presence of some extremely well-preserved aqueducts.

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Aqua Marcia Aqueduct Rome

The Aqua Marcia Aqueduct in Rome is one of the oldest aqueducts leading water to the Eternal City. With a length of 19 km, it is also one of the longest ones. Water from this aqueduct already in ancient Roman times was known for its excellence. Good places to see ruins of the Acquedotto Marcio are in the Parco degli Acquedotti, the Piazza di Porta Maggiore and at the Porta Tiburtina.

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Acquedotto Vergine Rome

The Acquedotto Vergine (of Aqua Virgo) is one of the most important Roman aqueducts. Even today the water that enters the city through this monument is still being used to feed famous fountains such as the Trevi Fountain and the fountains in the Piazza Navona, including the Fountain of the Four Rivers.

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